The short answer, Jesus was not fathered, Joh 1:14, “And, the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us and we beheld the glory of Him, a glory as of an only born of a father, full of favour and of truthness.’
Shaye I.D. Cohen is the author or editor of eight books and over fifty articles on the history of Judaism: rabbinic law, Josephus, and early Judaism in relation to Hellenism and early Christianity has this to say, “Was Jesus a Jew? Of course, Jesus was a Jew. He was born of a Jewish mother, in Galilee, a Jewish part of the world.”
Dr. Cohen is not the only one who believes that being born of a Jewish mother makes one a Jew. Concerning Timothy Paul writes, Act 16:1-, “He [Paul] also came to Derbe and to Lystra. At Lystra he found a disciple, Timothy by name, the son of a Christian Jewess, though he had a Greek father. Timothy was well spoken of by the brethren at Lystra and Iconium, and Paul desiring that he should accompany him on his journey, took him and circumcised him on account of the Jews in those parts, for they all knew that his father was a Greek.”
Also in the case of Ruth, the Moabite, who became wife to Boaz. Their son, Obed, was not considered a Moabite. The same can be said concerning Rahab, the Canaanite of Jericho. Boas was not considered a Canaanite, Mat 1:5-, “And Salmon fathered Boaz of Rahab, and Boaz fathered Obed of Ruth, and Obed fathered Jesse, and Jesse fathered David the king. And David the king fathered Solomon of her who had been wife of Uriah.”
Furthermore, and important to note is that most translations has Jesus’ genealogy as being ‘the son of’, Luk 3:23-, “And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli, which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Janna, which was the son of Joseph…”
Mathew’s genealogy is that of Joseph, the supposed father of Jesus. Joseph, being a descendant of David via Solomon would rightly meet the requirements for Jesus being heir to David’s throne.
Luke’s genealogy is that of Mary, “During Elizabeth’s sixth month of pregnancy, the God sent the angel Gabriel to a virgin girl who lived in Nazareth, a town in Galilee. She was engaged to marry a man named Joseph from the family of David. Her name was Mary. And the angel came in unto her, and said, ‘Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women.’
“But when she saw him, she was greatly perplexed by his saying, and she wondered what sort of greeting this was. Then the angel said to her, ‘Fear not, Mary, for you have found favour from the God. And behold, you shall conceive in womb and bring forth a Son and you shall call his name JESUS. He will be great, and a most wonderful Son will He be called; and a Lord, the God shall give Him the throne of His father David. And He shall reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there shall be no end.’”
Mary’s genealogy reads, Luk 3:23-, “And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli… the son of Melea, the son of Mainan, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, the son of Jesse…” and therefore Jesus was not heir to the throne of David.
King David expressed the wish to build ‘a house’ for the ark of the God. However Nathan, the prophet, was given a word for David. Varied, unfortunately, are the translations of 2Sam 7:12- and so also the commentaries. The message to David was that rather a house would be made for David, ”Whenever thy days are full, and thou hast lain with thy fathers, then I will raise up the Seed after thee which goeth out from thy bowels, and will establish his kingdom.
“He will build a house for My Name, and I will restore the throne of his kingdom unto the age. I will be a Father to Him and He will be to Me for a son; whenever the unrighteousness of Him should come, I will reprove Him with a rod of men, and with strokes of men, and My kindness doth not turn aside from Him, as I turned it aside from Saul, whom I turned aside from before thee, and the house of you will be trustworthy and the kingdom of you unto the age and the throne of you will be established unto the age.”
However, if Mary’s genealogy read, according to the original it would read, “And Jesus Himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) a son of Joseph, of the Heli… of the Melea, of the Mainan, of the Mattatha, of the Nathan, of the David, of the Jesse… of the Joanna, of the Rhesa, of the Zorobabel, of the Shealtiel, of the Neri, of the Melchi…” then Luk 3:27- would have solved the problem because Neri happened to be a girl.
Nerie the daughter of Melchi, married Salathiel and therefore Zorobabel, the Prince, appears in both Joseph and Mary’s genealogy making Jesus heir to King David’s throne by reason of Zorobabel being a ‘great-grandfather’ of both Joseph and Mary.
However, there still remain two hurdles to cross.
1 Mat 1:18- [KJV], “Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost…” implying that the Holy Ghost ‘Fathered’ Jesus.
2 Luk 1:34- [KJV], “Then said Mary unto the angel, ‘How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?’ And the angel answered and said unto her, “The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God…’” It then could imply that God the Father, the most high God, indeed ‘Fathered’ Jesus.
If indeed the two hurdles were to be accepted then Jesus was a Devine Being and not what He claimed to be namely Mat 8:20, “And Jesus said to him, ‘Foxes have dens, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of the Man has nowhere to lay His head.
It is written, Joh 1:14 [original], ‘And, the Word became flesh and dwelt among us’ implying that Jesus was not fathered but rather that He existed and then became the Son of the Man; Jesus, the Christ—the Son of the Man.
This is confirmed by Jesus’ saying, Joh 8:58, “Before Abraham came into being, I, I am.” Utterances such as, Joh 17:5, “And now, Father, let Me have the glory with You, even that glory which I had with You before the world came into being,” and Luk 10:22, “And turning to His disciples He said, ‘All things were to Me entrusted by the Father of Me, and no one really knows who the Son is if not the Father, and who the Father is if not the Son, and the one to whom the Son chooses to reveal Him,’” indicates not only a prior existence of the Word but also a second ‘Someone’.
Paul admits a mystery, 1Ti 3:16-, “And without controversy great is the mystery of the worthy One: Who…” or, “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: a God was manifested in flesh, justified altogether to Spirit, seen by angels, preached among nations, believed by its inhabitants, and received up again into glory.”
Jesus did not become the Son of an animal, of birds or of fish their flesh being too ‘weak’ according to Rom 8:2-, “But the Law of the Spirit of the life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of the sin and of the death. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, the God the of Himself a Son sending in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned the sin in the flesh,” as is written, Heb 9:11-, “But when Christ had become a high priest of the good things to come, by the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building nor by blood of goats and calves, but by the blood of His own He entered once for all into the Holies, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
“For if the blood of bulls and of goats and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling the unclean sanctifies to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the blood of Christ (who having an eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to the God) purge your conscience from dead works to serve a living God?
“And for this cause He is the Mediator of the new covenant, so that by means of death, for the payment of a ransom, for the violations under the first covenant, so the ones having been called might receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.”
The original text brings to light another ‘mystery’; that of Joh 7:37-, “On the last and most important day of the festival, Jesus stood up and shouted, ‘If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink! The one who believes unto Me, as the Scripture has said, “Out of His belly shall flow rivers of living waters.”’ Now He said this about the spirit, whom those who were believing unto Him were to receive. For, there was not yet a holy spirit because Jesus was not yet glorified.”
It was only after Jesus’ resurrection that He became the One that entered the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building nor by blood of goats and calves, but by the blood of His own He entered once for all into the Holies, having obtained eternal redemption for us and his glorification.
John, the beloved, whilst on the Isle of Patmos, was shown a playback of that event. Jesus’ resurrection, the day after Sabbath, was also the ‘Wave Offering Feast’. Jesus became the firstfruit of those who slept, 1Cor 15:20-, hence his saying to Mary Magdalene, “Do not touch Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father. But go to My brothers and say to them, I ascend to My Father and Your Father, and to My God and your God.”
Jesus was late for his appointment tarring with Mary and did not witness Satan’s challenge, the Goliath of old, Rev 5:1-, “Then I saw in the right hand of the one who sits on the throne a scroll written on the inside and on the outside, sealed with seven seals. I also saw a powerful angel proclaiming with a loud voice, ‘Who is worthy to open the scroll and break its seals?’ [Col 2:15, “Having stripped rulers and authorities, He made a show of them publicly, triumphing over them in it”.]
“No one in heaven, on earth, or under the earth could open the scroll or look inside it. I began to cry bitterly because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or look inside it. ‘Stop crying,’ one of the elders told me. ‘Look! The Lion from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has conquered. He can open the scroll and its seven seals.’
“Then I saw a lamb standing in the middle of the throne, the four living creatures, and the elders. He looked like he had been slaughtered. He had seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of the God sent into all the earth. He went and took the scroll from the right hand of the One who sits on the throne.
“When the lamb had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders bowed down in front of him. Each held a harp and a gold bowl full of incense, the prayers of the saints. They sang a new song: ‘You are worthy to take the scroll and open its seals, because you were slaughtered. With your blood you purchased people for God from every tribe, language, people, and nation. You made them a kingdom and priests for our God, and they will reign on the earth.’
“Then I looked, and I heard the voices of many angels, the living creatures, and the elders surrounding the throne. They numbered 10,000’s times 10,000 and thousands times thousands. They sang with a loud voice, ‘Worthy is the lamb who was slaughtered to receive power, wealth, wisdom, strength, honour, glory, and praise!’”
Later, that same evening, Jesus could, after his glorification, breath on them saying, Joh 20:22, “Receive a holy Spirit.” It was their moment of rebirth; they had been baptized.
There still remain the two hurdles, Mat 1:18- and Luke 1:34-, to cross; who ‘fathered Jesus’? A direct translation for Mat 1:18 reads, “Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found having babe in womb by a holy Spirit… for the Thing in her begotten is by reason of a holy Spirit. And she shall bring forth a Son; and thou shalt call his name JESUS. For, it is He, which shall save his people from their sins.” Do note, ‘in womb’ not ‘in ovary’.
Luke 1:34 would read, “Then Mary said to the angel, ‘How can this be, since I do not know a man?’ And the angel answered and said to her, ‘A holy Spirit shall come upon you, and a power, beyond compare, shall overshadow you; therefore, the holy One developing will be called, a Son of a God…’”
Paul writes, according to the original text, Phi 2:5-, “And think ye so in yourselves, as also in Christ Jesus who, existing in a form of a God, did not consider it robbery the to have equal qualities to a God, instead voluntarily He gave up everything taking on an appearance of a servant, in likeness of men becoming; and having been found in fashion of a man He humbled Himself, becoming obedient until death, even a death of a cross. On which account the God also highly exalted Him, and gave to Him the name, the name above every name, in order that to the name of Jesus every knee would bend; of heavenlies and of earthlings and of hell’s inhabitants, and that every tongue would celebrate ‘Jesus Christ a Lord’, to Father God’s glory.”
Joh 1:1- reads, original, “To a beginning was the Word, and the Word was nigh unto the God, and a God was the Word. This One was to a beginning with the God. All things were made through Him; and without Him was not anything made that hath become. In Him was life: and life was the light of the men. And the light shineth in the darkness; and the darkness apprehended it not… And, the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us and we beheld the glory of Him, a glory as of an only born of a father, full of favour and of truthness.”
The Word, after laying down his Deity, was a holy Spirit. In Him was life. He then entered Mary’s womb fulfilling Heb 10:5-, “Therefore when He comes into the world, He says, ‘Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, but You have prepared a body for Me. In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You have had no pleasure. Then I said, Lo, I come (in the volume of the Book it is written of Me) to do Your will, O God.’
“Above, when He said, ‘Sacrifice and offering, and burnt offerings and offering for sin You did not desire, neither did You have pleasure in them’ (which are offered according to the Law), then He said, “Lo, I come to do Your will, O God.’ He takes away the first so that He may establish the second. By this will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.”
It is therefore obvious that Jesus was not fathered neither was He a Jew at birth. In truth He could be considered a Jewish proselyte having been circumcised the eighth day. As a proselyte Jesus, because He did not have children of his own could not prove that He indeed was a Jew for it is written, Gal 3:16, “And to Abraham and to his Seed the promises were spoken. It does not say, ‘And to seeds,’ as of many; but as of one, ‘And to your Seed,’ which is Christ,” and, Gen 22:18, “And in your Seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.”
God had made a covenant with Abraham and circumcision was the sign of the covenant meaning that the father is the one that believes concerning the promised Seed who will be a blessing to all the nations of the earth and has his sons circumcised in expectation.
Now Jesus was that Seed hence Paul’s, Gal 5:1-, “Stand fast therefore in the liberty with which Christ has made us free, and do not again be held with the yoke of bondage. Behold, I, Paul, say to you that if you are circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do all the Law, you who are justified by Law are deprived of all effect from Christ; you fell from grace.”
In other words, one who had believed that Jesus was that Seed, was crucified, that God the Father had raised Jesus from death, requested baptism and then requests circumcision had fallen from grace. Circumcision was indeed the sign that the Seed had not yet come. That is what happened in the early church when certain men came to Antioch, Act 15:1, “And certain ones who came down from Judea taught the brothers, saying, ‘Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved.’”
The sad part of the story is Paul’s writing Timothy, 2Ti 1:15, “This you know, that all those in Asia have turned away from me, of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.” The Circumcision Party won the battle and not long afterwards ‘baptism’ replaced circumcision in order that girls, too, may become ‘children of covenant’ as if Jesus was not ‘the Seed’ that had come.
Were it not for Jesus’ parable concerning the ‘good seed’ and the ‘darnel’ and his remark, Mat 13:25, “But whilst men slept, his enemy came and sowed darnel among the wheat and went his way,” one would wonder how could it be that the Holy Spirit would allow so many denominations and Bible translations. But, now we know it is because of, 2Th 2:3, “Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come [the rapture], except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition.”
The falling away could have started in Joh 6:66 when many of His disciples turned back and no longer would walk with Him. Or, was it when Judas decided to betray Jesus? Worse still, when The Council bribed the soldiers, telling them to say, “His disciples came during the night and stole his body while we were asleep. And if this,” they added, “is reported to the Governor, we will satisfy him and screen you from punishment.” So they took the money and did as they were instructed; and this story was noised about among the Jews, and is current to this day.
Many of those priests ‘obeyed the faith’, Acts 6:7. Later the teachings of circumcision and keeping of the Law was introduced. However the moment of truth came when the church had to decide if Jesus was ‘fully God as is the Father’. The problem was the heathen believed in many gods. If Christians were to believe that Jesus is Divine as is the Father therefore Christians would be falling back into heathenism. What followed was ‘Trinity’, ‘The union of the Father and Son and Holy Ghost in one Godhead’.
The problem is trinity, lowercase t, means the condition of existing as three persons or things. With uppercase T it means, a God in three forms: in Christianity, a God seen in three ways as the Father, the Son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit.
This whole confusion could have been avoided were it not for guarding against having ‘fallen back into heathenism’. Of course there are three Gods. They are the three witnesses in heaven, 1Joh 5:7, the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost, and these three, the three are one. The word ‘one’/‘ἕν’ is not a ‘numeral’ but ‘individual’.
Being three the plural is used, ἕν εἰσι—to exist; and these three, the three they are.
If only the ‘Trinity’ was not ‘guarded’ the translators could have kept to the original text and observed the article rule. In English a noun, singular, requires an article. In Greek however, there is no indefinite article as in Joh 1:6, “᾿Εγένετο ἄνθρωπος ἀπεσταλμένος παρὰ Θεοῦ…”, “There existed man being sent from God…”
The KJV reads, “There was a man sent from God.”
Note the insertion, correctly, of the indefinite article before ‘man’. But why is it not inserted before ‘God’? Because it would imply other Gods, as in Joh 1:1-, “᾿Εν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ Λόγος, καὶ ὁ Λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν Θεόν, καὶ Θεὸς ἦν ὁ Λόγος. οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν Θεόν.” The KJV reads, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God.
The translation according to the original reads, “To a beginning was the Word, and the Word was nigh unto the God, and a God was the Word. This One was to a beginning with the God.”
There is no ‘beginning’ in eternity and ‘beginning’, being in the dative case, requires ‘for’ or ‘to’ and not having the definite article the indefinite article must be inserted hence, ‘To a beginning…’ Towards a beginning of creation or, towards the Incarnation was the Word…?
The Word was a God, he laid down his Deity, became the Son of the Man. Before his crucifixion He spoke these words, Joh 17:1-, “Jesus spoke these words and lifting up the eyes of Him to the heaven said: ‘Father, has come the hour; glorify of You the Son, that also the Son of You may glorify You, as You have given Him authority over all flesh, so that He will give eternal life to all You have given Him. And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only trustworthy God, and whom You dist send Jesus Christ. I have glorified You on the earth. The work having completed which You have given to Me that I should do. And now, O Father, glorify Me alongside Yourself, with the glory which I had before that of the world being with You.”
And, indeed, He is at the right of the God, 1Pe 3:18-, “For Christ also once suffered for sins, just for unjust, that He should lead us to the God, indeed being put to death in flesh, but being restored to life to the spirit in which also He went and preached to the spirits in prison, to disobeying ones, when once the long-suffering of the God waited in the days of Noah, while a ark was being prepared (in which a few, that is, eight souls were saved through water); which figure now also saves us, baptism; not a putting away of filth of flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward the God, by a resurrection of Jesus Christ; who is at a right of the God, having gone into Heaven, being submitted to Him angels and authorities and powers.”
One’s only hope is to ‘snorkel up’ with a reliable interlinear Bible and discover anew the gospel story such as, Joh 1:33, “And John testified, saying, ‘I have beheld the Spirit coming down, as a dove, out of heaven, and He remained upon Him. I did not know Him, but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, “Upon whom you see the Spirit descending and abiding on Him, this is He who baptizes in a holy Spirit.” ‘And I have seen and have witnessed that this is the Son of the God.’”